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HFC - 1415
azad university / ir Iran, Islamic Republic of
4 members
maziar saremi
Farzaneh Zandkarimi
Mojtaba Khanian
solmaz asadpour

Currently there are brick kilns all across Iran which are turning or have already turned into deserted urban spaces due to such reasons as environmental pollution and technology. These areas once have been a crucial part in human life. Now they are only deserted places facing social and economical problems as well as insecurity, while they are of great value as industrial heritage landscapes. In respect of special status of cities, these areas possess a distinguished position in creating a dynamic multi-performance landscape in the form of a recreation of a new type of performance. Industrial period has left a heritage of deserted resources. Urban areas are economically inefficient, socially disorganized and saddening, and environmentally damaged due to pollution and ineffectiveness of some industries. As a result, these expired usages of surrounding areas of cities introduce tragic places that initially have suffered from economical utilizations and environmental pollution. Industrial use builds an important part of the history of a city which evidences cultural, social, and economical changes of the city. It also adds significant value to the city heritage. In addition to their spatial and infrastructural value, these sites embrace precious cultural information to be studied. So, preserving industrial heritage is considered as a part of our local culture. Regarding new environmental attitudes, using recycled lands is increasingly getting important during the recent years. Redevelopment provides necessary facilities to create sustainable societies. Recycled lands present great potential to develop variety in functions (economical, social, or residential). Accordingly these sites are considered as attractive and efficient opportunities rather than threat to cities. In addition, having special morphology and vast expanse, these sites are disposed to have different functions. In fact, city creates new value by interfering in these seemingly unimportant sites and returning them to society.
Since these lands were indentified to have appropriate clay for making bricks, many brick kilns were established. This brought about changes in economical and social characteristics of the region as well as significant flourish.
This continued for more than three decades until the late 1970s when brick kilns were ordered to be shut down because of environmental pollution resulting from fossil fuels. From then on brick kilns have been empty of any useful human presence and activities. These sites seem to be relevant basis to discuss ideas of Alvin Toffler and Heidegger about three main periods of agricultural, industrial, and information-communication (book “Third Wave”). Accordingly, we can think of a future relevant to revolution of third wave and based on social life, which brings about places suitable to settlement of people and renew economical and social activities.
Reusing these brick kilns – the kiln itself and its depot- can be a milestone. Our approach is based on Nader Khalili’s methodology. He was an Iranian-born architect (1936-2008) who did many researches and developed solutions for building inexpensive mud-brick houses. His Earthbag Construction technique called “superadobe” was accepted as a new method in Building and Housing Research Center of Iran.

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